Portrayals of Nihilism in Turgenev and The Big Lebowski

Ivan Turgenev certainly did not invent the philosophy of nihilism, but he provided an early fictional representation of a nihilist in his novel Fathers and Sons. Turgenev’s character Bazarov is a self-proclaimed embodiment… Continue reading

The Ending of Trainspotting

One of the most famous scenes of the 1996 Scottish classic Trainspotting is its ending shot, which is played alongside Renton’s internal monologue about choosing a life away from hard drugs and his… Continue reading

Illusion in Mulholland Drive

During a surreal sequence in David Lynch’s 2001 film Mulholland Drive, a theater host explains that the music playing on stage is “all a tape recording” and that “It is an illusion.” This… Continue reading

Allusions to Popular Culture in True Romance

Quentin Tarantino, screenwriter of Tony Scott’s 1993 action film True Romance, is known for cramming his scripts chock full of pop culture references. True Romance is itself something of a pop culture movie.… Continue reading

The Use of Music in Lost in Translation

Viewers praise Sofia Coppola’s 2003 romance film Lost in Translation for its unique style and cinematography, but they often ignore the significant role of the soundtrack. The music in the film relates to… Continue reading

Visual Character Development Techniques in Brighton Rock

Graham Greene provides a great deal of descriptive language in the novel Brighton Rock to further the reader’s understanding of Pinkie Brown’s sociopathic character. The novel’s film adaptation, of course, has no narrator.… Continue reading

Issues of Media in Bonnie and Clyde and Natural Born Killers

The 1967 crime film Bonnie and Clyde, based on the real-life exploits of criminal couple Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow, is believed to have influenced Oliver Stone’s controversial 1994 social commentary piece Natural… Continue reading

Blue Velvet and the Poetry of William Blake

David Lynch’s neo-noir film Blue Velvet focuses on Jeffrey Beaumont’s fall from innocence. Jeffrey experiences this fall when he gets caught up in a twisted mystery in his deceptively quaint small town. This… Continue reading

Dystopian Fiction and Brazil

Terry Gilliam’s Brazil is a contemporary example of a dystopian film. In the movie, either consciously or inadvertently, Gilliam includes a great deal of content that points to famous futuristic novels. There are… Continue reading

Foreshadowing and Character Establishment in the Opening of The Lion King

First and foremost, the opening minutes of The Lion King are significant due to several iconic images and the famous song “Circle of Life.” Interestingly, several of the opening images reveal a great… Continue reading